Tibet is a holy land where nearly all the people believe in Tibetan Buddhism. However, there are also other religions: Bon, Islam and Catholicism. These religions, though different, coexist harmoniously with each other.
Tibetan Buddhism, also known as Lamaism, has a history of more than 1,400 years since it was first introduced into Tibet. It is based on Tantra and Yogacara, and belongs to the Mahayana school. Throughout its development it has absorbed and intertwined features of Indian Buddhism, Bon religion and Chinese culture, thus appearing to be far more mystical than other forms of Buddhism. Mantras, Mudras, Yantras (sacred art) and secret initiation rituals, etc. all add to its striking characteristics.
Bon, the short name of Bonpo, is also known as 'Black Religion' since the followers all wear black head-wear. Overshadowed by the prevailing Tibetan Buddhism, Bon is the indigenous religion of Tibet and originated in about the 5th century BC. Bon is full of mystery and has stirred the curiosity of many researchers and secular people despite it being overshadowed by the popular Tibetan Buddhism.
It is widely recognized that Tibet is a religious region where nearly all the people believe in Tibetan Buddhism. However, followers of other religions, such as Bon, Islam and Catholicism can also be seen, and all the religions coexist harmoniously with each other. Islam has been in existence for over 1300 years, and also influences part of locals' life to some degree.
In the land of Tibet where almost everyone is enthusiastic about Tibetan Buddhism, a branch of Christianity - Catholicism - also finds its root. The only Catholic church in Tibet - Yanjing Catholic Church - is located in Shang Yanjing Village, Markham County, Chamdo.